The Death Penalty 5 (Capital Punishment Crimes for the NT) | Victor Tey

 

In part 5 I finish this series on the death penalty by covering the laws in the Old Testament that had the death penalty applied. These laws should still be in place today should we ever have a righteous, God-honouring government. I also give some context around the situation to help us gain a better understanding of why God would punish these sins with death.

Small correction to part 4

Taking the position that sins must be reiterated in the New Testament to still apply is consistent. Most laws fall under sins that are re-stated in the NT scriptures. You could then take the position that the rest are then ordinances that just had a spiritual application for the NT. It doesn’t change the conclusions of this sermon, but my objections do not effectively debunk this theory and it could possibly be a sounder position. Compare 1 Corinthians 9:9-10.

4 categories of laws that still stand that should have the death penalty

1. Sins of Idolatry

  1. Blasphemy
    1. Leviticus 24:10-16 – son of an Israelitish woman
  2. Preaching a false god
    1. Deuteronomy 13
      1. v1-5 Prophets of false gods
      2. v6-11 Family that entice you to follow another god
      3. v12-18 If a city embraces another god
    2. Deuteronomy 17:2-7 – serve other gods
  3. Sacrifice to a false God
    1. Exodus 22:20
  4. Occultic practices
    1. Exodus 22:18 – witch
    2. Leviticus 20:27 – familiar spirits
  5. Some additional thoughts:
    1. People who worship a God other than Jesus Christ – not just any heresy
    2. What about freedom of speech? freedom of religion? Aren’t these the marks of a free society?
    3. You can’t say what you want, you can’t falsely accuse someone. So where do you draw the line? Who gets to decide what speech is acceptable and what isn’t?
    4. Objection: Isn’t it hypocritical to enjoy the freedom of religion in Australia when you don’t believe in the freedom of religion?
      1. If Australia allows the spread of Christianity that’s Australia’s choice, It gives me the freedom to preach Christ, but that doesn’t mean I endorse the spread of Islam. I don’t endorse lies.
      2. What if a religion involves child sacrifice?
      3. Freedom of speech and religion is about as hypocritical as “tolerance”, “hateful” and “no-judging”.
      4. John 8:31-34 – the truth shall make you free
      5. I don’t think it’s a sound position to start from a “libertarian” non-aggression philosophy, we need to start from a biblical philosophy.
      6. Interesting that muslims flee a muslim nation to a christian nation. Give me a real christian nation and I would move there tomorrow.

2. Sins of Violence

  1. Murder
    1. Exodus 21:12
    2. Leviticus 20:2 – human sacrifice to Molech
    3. Leviticus 24:17
    4. Leviticus 24:21
    5. Numbers 35:9-28 – cities of refuge (without death of high priest allowance)
    6. Exodus 22:2-3 – killing a thief in broad daylight
  2. Kidnapping or oppressive slavery
    1. Exodus 21:16
  3. Rape
    1. Deuteronomy 22:25-29
      1. Deu 22:28-29 (NIV) If a man happens to meet a virgin who is not pledged to be married and rapes her and they are discovered, he shall pay her father fifty shekels[c] of silver. He must marry the young woman, for he has violated her. He can never divorce her as long as he lives.
    2. Must have multiple witnesses to accuse a man.
    3. A false accusation results in “eye for an eye” punishment.
    4. This should make women think twice before travelling around alone and being provocatively dressed.
    5. No one is excusing the actions of the rapist, they deserve death.
    6. If a woman is going to be immature and ignorant of the dangers of a sinful world, I’m less compassionate.
    7. If I withdraw thousands of dollars and advertise it to the world, It doesn’t excuse a robber, but wisdom dictates that it’s a foolish thing to do.
    8. If you write passwords on a post-it note and stick it to your computer screen, isn’t that asking to be hacked?
    9. The reality is, there’s a danger of a woman even if she’s dressed modestly of being attacked by a man if she’s alone.
    10. Fathers and husbands are responsible for keeping their women safe.
      1. 1 Peter 3:7 – weaker vessel
  4. Negligence with dangerous animals
    1. Exodus 21:29-36
    2. Can this apply to other areas of known negligence like drink driving?
  5. False witness for death penalty case
    1. Deuteronomy 19:16-21

3. Sins of Fornication

  1. Adultery
    1. Leviticus 20:10 – neighbour’s wife
    2. Leviticus 20:11 – father’s wife
    3. Leviticus 20:12 – daughter in law
    4. Deuteronomy 22:22-24 – both married and betrothed
      1. Possibly not death for bondmaid because she did not willingly enter the relationship
  2. Lying with certain near of kin
    1. Leviticus 20:14 – wife and mother – burnt with fire
  3. Lying about your virginity when getting married
    1. Deuteronomy 22:13-21
  4. Homosexuality
    1. Leviticus 20:13
    2. Note: This is homosexual sex, this is not a condemnation of activities that a husband and wife may or may not want to do.
  5. Beastiality
    1. Exodus 22:19
    2. Leviticus 20:15-16
  6. Some additional thoughts:
    1. We see the importance that God puts on societies having godly families
    2. Sexual perversion leads to the breakdown of the family, and the abuse of children – QLD passed bill to allow singles and same-sex couples to adopt.
    3. That the spread of fornication and STDs must be controlled
    4. Fornication also leads to fatherless children
    5. Sexual perversion leads to sexual abuse of children
    6. Perverted view on relationships leads to birth control, IVF, surrogacy, etc.

4. Sins of Children toward Parents

  1. Curse mother or father
    1. Exodus 21:17
    2. Leviticus 20:9
    3. Not just using “swear words” at your parents, this is wishing evil upon them.
    4. Jesus actually uses this law as an example, showing his support of it – Matthew 15:1-9
  2. Rebellious children
    1. Deuteronomy 21:18-21
      1. Has been chastised
      2. Refusing self-control
  3. Smite mother or father
    1. Exodus 21:15
    2. Would this even include retaliation?
    3. This is the sort of reverence God demands toward our parents.
  4. Some additional thoughts
    1. Creates a godly fear and respect in children toward their parents
    2. Supports the importance of godly families within a society
    3. Also sets expectations for the parents on how their children should behave

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